Théo van Rysselberghe
Heavy Clouds, Christiania Fjord, 1893, oil on canvas, 50.8 x 63 cm, Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN.
Théo van Rysselberghe was a Belgian neo-impressionist painter who played a very important role in the European art scene at the turn of the century. He was one of the prominent co-founders of the Belgian artistic circle Les XX in 1883 - a circle of young radical artists.
He discovered the pointillist technique when he saw Georges Seurat’s La Grande Jatte at an exhibition in Paris, and it shook him up completely. He “imported” this style to Belgium not long after, abandoned realism and became an adept of pointillism. At the end of his career Théo van Rysselberghe slowly abandoned the use of dots in his portraits and landscapes and began applying somewhat broader and longer strokes, used more often vivid colours and more intense contrasts.